Original Articles 

An original article describes the findings of research that you conducted or participated in. For this submission type you will compile and analyse data from an experiment or an audit of medical charts that you conducted. Then you will discuss the implications of these findings and their potential impact on your field of interest. Original articles should be no longer than 2300 words, not including the abstract (additional 200 words).


Original articles must follow a specific format:

  • Title page
  • Abstract and key words
  • Article text
    • Introduction
    • Methods
    • Results
    • Discussion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Tables, illustrations and image details



The abstract should briefly summarize the following: the aim of your study, basic description of procedures, main findings, and principal conclusions. The abstract must be self-contained. Underneath the abstract please provide 3 to 10 key words related to the theme of your article.



The introduction should state clearly the purpose of your article and summarize the rationale for the study or observation. Begin by briefly discussing the relevant background, then address what gap in the field your work intends to address. Include relevant references. Avoid including data or conclusions from the work being reported.



Begin by describing your selection of the observational or experimental subjects by delineating inclusion and exclusion criteria. Describe the design of your research, the methods, apparatus where appropriate (manufacturer’s name and address in parentheses), and procedures in sufficient detail to allow other workers to reproduce the study. Give references to established methods, including statistical methods; describe new or substantially modified methods, give reasons for using them, and evaluate their limitations. Identify precisely all drugs and chemicals used, including generic name(s), dose(s), and route(s) of administration.
Studies using human subjects must be conducted in accordance with the guidelines outlined in the Declaration of Helsinki of 1975. In all experiments, it should be documented that informed consent was obtained from the subjects. Do not use patients’ names, initials, or hospital numbers. All studies involving the use of animals must be conducted in accordance with the highest standards of humane animal care, and in accordance with the institution’s internal regulations.



Present your results in a logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations. Do not repeat in the text all the data in the tables or illustrations. Emphasize or summarize only important observations.



Use the discussion to offer interpretation of your findings and explain their significance. This includes both the implications of your research and the potential limitations of the study. Include your thoughts on possibilities for future research. Relate the observations to other relevant background studies discussed in your introduction.



One or more statements should acknowledge (i) contributions that do not justify authorship (ii) technical help (iii) financial (e.g. RCSI Summer Student grant) and material support.